Select Page

What is proportional representation?

Proportional representation (PR) is a principle that says the percentage of seats a party has in the legislature should reflect the percentage of people who voted for that party. If a party gets 40% of the vote, they should get 40% of the seats.

Under our non-proportional voting system, a party can win a majority of seats and all the power with far less than half the popular vote. Proportional representation ensures that majority governments have an actual majority of the voters behind them.

Under our non-proportional voting system, in most elections, most voters don’t elect anyone to represent them. They don’t affect the election at all. Their votes are “wasted”. This is what leads to distorted results.

With proportional representation, almost every vote helps elect an MP. Almost everyone is represented.

With proportional representation, every law passed will have the support of MPs representing a real majority of voters. That means better policy decisions for everyone.

Want to take a closer look at the case for PR – and learn about the two main models of PR recommended in Canada? Check out the webinar with Canada’s top electoral reform expert, Associate Professor Dennis Pilon.

Share This