Building a Better Democracy
Building back better can’t leave democracy behind. In the report below, we look at why a strong and lasting recovery from COVID-19 needs proportional representation. If you’d prefer to read this report in a flipbook, click here and set to fullscreen.
In September, 2020, Fair Vote Canada commissioned Leger to do a national survey of Canadians. Results show that 93% of Canadians think improving democracy is important to achieving lasting changes after COVID-19, and 74% of Canadians support a National Citizens’ Assembly on Electoral Reform as part of the government’s COVID recovery plan this fall.
Alfano, M. & Baraldi, A. (2015). Proportional Degree of Electoral Systems Growth: A Panel Test. Rev. Law Econ. 2015; 11(1): 51–78
Altman, A, Flavin, Flavin, P. and Radcliff, B. Democratic Institutions and SubjectiveWell Being. Political Studies 2017, Vol. 65(3) 685–704.
Bernauer, Giger and Rosset (2015). Mind the gap: Do proportional electoral systems foster a more equal representation of men and women, poor and rich? International Political Science Review. 36-1: 78-98.
Birchfield, Vicki and Crepaz, Markus (1998). The Impact of Constitutional Structuresand Collective and Competitive Veto Points on Income Inequality in Industrialized Democracies. European Journal of Political Research 34: 175-200.
Blais, A, Loewen, PJ (2007). Electoral systems and evaluations of democracy. In: Cross, W (ed.) Democratic Reform in New Brunswick. Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press, pp. 39–57.
Blais, Morin-chassé and Singh (2017). Election outcomes, legislative representation and satisfaction with democracy. Party Politics. Volume: 23 issue: 2, page(s): 85-95.
Plescia, Blais and Högström (2019). Do people want a ‘fairer’ electoral system? An experimental study in four countries. European Journal of Political Research.
Carey, John M. and Hix, Simon (2009). The Electoral Sweet Spot: Low-magnitude Proportional Electoral Systems. PSPE Working Paper 01-2009. Department of Government, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
Carey, John M. and Hix, Simon (2011). The Electoral Sweet Spot: Low-magnitude Proportional Electoral Systems. American Journal of Political Science 55-2: 383-397.
Cohen, Darcie (2010). Do Political Preconditions Affect Environmental Outcomes? Exploring the Linkages Between Proportional Representation, Green parties and the Kyoto Protocol. Summit – Institutional Repository – Simon Fraser University.
Evans, C. L. (2009). A protectionist bias in majoritarian politics: An empirical
investigation. Economics & Politics, 21-22: 278–307.
Fredriksson, P. G. and Millimet, D. L. (2004). Electoral rules and environmental policy. Economics Letters, 84-2: 237–44.
Gathman, Christina (2019). Proportional Representation, political responsiveness and child mortality. IZA Institute of Labor Economics.
Gordon, S. B., & Segura, G. M. (1997). Cross-national variation in the political sophistication of individuals: capability or choice? Journal of Politics, 59-1: 126–47.
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA, 1999). Youth Voter Participation.
Inter-Parliamentary Union (2016). Youth Participation in National Parliaments.
Iversen, T., & Soskice, D. (2006). Electoral Systems and the Politics of Coalitions: Why Some Democracies Redistribute More Than Others. American Political Science
Review, 100-2: 165–81.
Kaminsky, J., & White, T.J. (2007). Electoral systems and women’s representation in Australia. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 45: 185-201.
Knutsen, Carl (2011). Which Democracies Prosper? Electoral Rules, Forms of Government, and Economic Growth. Electoral Studies, 30: 83-90.
Leblang, D., & Chan, S. (2003). Explaining Wars Fought By Established Democracies: Do Institutional Constraints Matter? Political Research Quarterly, 56-24: 385–400.
Lehoucq and Kolev (2015). Varying the Un-Variable: Social Structure, Electoral Formulae, and Election Quality. Political Research Quarterly, Volume 68, Issue 2.
Lijphart, Arend (2012). Patterns of Democracy. Government Forms and Performance in 36 Countries. New Haven, CT: Yale Press. Fair Vote Canada has produced a summary of the 1999 edition.
McGuire, James. (2020). Democracy and Population Health. Cambridge University Press.
Milner, H. (2014). How does proportional representation boost turnout: a political knowledge based explanation. ECPR Joint Workshops, Salamanca Spain.
Nemoto, Kuniaki and Pedro Franco de Campos Pinto (2019). Civility and Hostility in Parliamentary Politics. Presented at: Waseda University, 2020; Keio University, 2019; 6th Asian Political Methodology Meeting, 2019; iP-session, APSA, 2018.
Norris, P. (2004) Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior. Cambridge University Press.
Norris, Pippa (2011). Making Democratic-Governance Work: The Consequences for Prosperity. HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series RWP11-035, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
Orellana, Salomon (2014). Electoral Systems and Governance: How Diversity Can Improve Policy Making. New York: Routledge Press.
Patterson, A. (2017). Not all built the same? A comparative study of electoral systems and population health. Health and Place, 47: 90-96.
Pilon, Dennis (2007). The Politics of Voting: Reforming Canada’s Electoral System. Toronto: Emond Montgomery.
Qvortrup, M., & Lijphart, A. (2013). Domestic terrorism and democratic regime types. Civil Wars, 15-4: 471–485.
Rule, W. (1994). Women’s under-representation and electoral systems. Political Science and Politic, 27: 689-692.
Rule, W., & Zimmerman, J.F. (1994). Electoral systems in comparative perspective: Their impact on women and minorities. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
Zuazu (2017). Electoral Systems and Economic Inequality: A Tale of Political Equality, Foundations of Economic Analysis I Department, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU).