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Sometimes opponents claim that proportional representation is “bad for rural voters. Cities will have too much power, they claim. Or rural seats will “disappear”.

These misleading attempts to pit rural voters against urban ones appears to be a strategy of opponents of fair voting.

Let’s set the record straight: proportional representation is good for all voters, rural and urban. 

No matter where you live, or who you vote for, you deserve to help elect an  MP who shares your values. That’s the basic principle of proportional representation. All models of proportional representation for Canada maintain strong local representation as a top priority.

Problems with winner-take-all voting for for rural and urban voters

First-past-the-post shuts voters out. Safe seats make voting feel futile.

In Alberta, Bow River has been a safe Conservative seat since 1958. Who represents those who didn’t vote Conservative?

Vancouver-Kingsway has been held by the NDP in every election except one since 1956. If you vote Liberal, Conservative or Green in Vancouver-Kingsway, who represents you?

As many people have observed, first-past-the-post can create a sense of futility for many voters.  For many voters in safe seats, their votes are physically counted, but they never actually count.

Contrast this with the 95% of voters in Sweden and New Zealand who were able to cast votes that helped elect representatives to their legislatures. Proportional representation will give every BC voter – rural and urban – a voice.

First-past-the-post masks the true political diversity of Canada, including in rural areas. 

As this map below of the 2019 federal election hows, considerable diversity in voter preferences exists in every region of Canada, both rural and urban. Winner-take-all voting masks that diversity.

In the 2019 federal election, every seat in the Greater Toronto area went Liberal – despite 45% of voters choosing parties other than the Liberals. Every seat in Saskatchewan went Conservative, despite about ⅓ of voters choosing parties other than the Conservatives.
In BC provincially, the contrast between how people voted and what they got is stark. 
As Andrew Kurjata points out, provincially, in British Columbia, there are only three ridings out of 87 in BC where the winning candidate got 60% of the vote. Every riding and every region of BC is politically diverse. 

Chad Skelton notes that allthough half of BC voters outside of Metro Vancouver and Vancouver Island chose a party other than the BC Liberals, the BC Liberals won 83% of those seats. In Metro Vancouver and Vancouver Island, it was the opposite – the NDP won 63% of the seats with only 44% of the vote.

No matter where you live in Canada, rural or urban, you are surrounded by neighbours who voted differently. Winner-take-all voting masks these differences, leading to single party sweeps of entire regions – rural or urban. 

This is where proportional representation comes in.

Proportional representation doesn’t shift the balance of seats between urban and rural voters at all. But it does ensure that political preferences in each region are accurately reflected – that almost all voters have representation that aligns with their values, no matter where they live.

Benefits of proportional representation for rural voters


  1. All models of proportional representation have strong local and regional representation.Voters will retain their local representatives and no seats will move to the cities. In fact, rural ridings will be able to amplify their voices because every vote will actually count! Proportional representation will be tailored to the geography of each region, since no one size fits all, and riding boundaries will continue to be determined by an independent boundaries commission which considers community of interest, community of identity, historical patterns, and the need to keep the geographic size of ridings manageable.a
  2. With PR, every voter is much more likely to have an MP responsive to the concerns of the voter and his/her community,whether due to party affiliation, roots in the community, or simply the MP’s willingness or ability to work to find solutions. Every voter will have achoice of MPs to go to, including an MP the voter helped elect.
  3. Most regions will have MPs who are part of the government, rather than regions being shut out.In the past, we have all witnessed cheques being written for projects in ridings with government MPsMLAs, while ridings with opposition MLAsMPs  are mostly ignored. With first-past-the-post, one party can sweep all the seats in a region, but if the MPsMLAs are all in the opposition, voters in those ridings fear being ignored by the governing party. The 2019 election provided an extreme of this dynamic, leaving voters in Alberta and Saskatchewan with no voice in government, exacerbating “western alienation.”

    With proportional representation, every local area or region will have MPs from more than one party. Competition and collaboration between MP’s is likely to mean more responsiveness to voters’ needs.
  4. Teamwork between MPs in a riding promotes good regional decision making, problem solving and governance for the benefit of everyone in the region. Proportional representation makes almost every vote count, no matter where you live. It means 30% of the vote will equal 30% of the seats – in your local region. Collectively, this produces fair overall results in legislatures, leading to cooperative governments representing a real majority of voters.
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